What is Urology?Open or Close
Urology is the medical and surgical discipline that provides adult and pediatric care for male and female patients with genitourinary tract and adrenal gland diseases and conditions.
When should I see a Urologist?Open or Close
Please see a Urologist if you are experiencing the following symptoms:
What can I do to lower my chances of prostate cancer?Open or Close
Prostate cancer is a huge concern for men and the best way to avoid it is to prevent it. It is recommended that men with an average risk of prostate cancer makes choices that benefit their overall health such as choosing a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly.
Some men have an increased risk of prostate cancer. For those who have high risk of prostate cancer, there may be other options for risk reduction, such as medications. If you think you have a high risk of prostate cancer, reach out to an AUS Physician to know your options.
What causes the formation of kidney stones?Open or Close
Kidney stones form when your urine contains more crystal - forming substances that prevent crystals from sticking together, creating an ideal environment for kidney stones to form.
There are several types of kidney stones:
What are the screening guidelines for prostate cancer?Open or Close
There are two tests used to screen for prostate cancer:
The higher the PSA level in the blood, the more likely a prostate problem is present. Many factors can affect PSA levels. Because many factors can affect PSA levels, your AUS physician is the best person to interpret your PSA test results.
What information do I need before I schedule a vasectomy?Open or Close
A Vasectomy is a safe and effective method of permanent birth control for men. This is often done as an outpatient surgery. Before your operation, your urologist will instruct you on what you need to bring and ask you to make sure that your genital area is clean. Your doctor may suggest that you bring someone to drive you home after the surgery.
For billing purposes, it would also be best to contact your insurance provider to make sure that this is a covered benefit.
Do urologists treat both males and females?Open or Close
Yes, Urologists treat both Male and Female patients.
Do I need a referral for my appointment?Open or Close
A referral is needed for ALL HMO Insurance Plans or if your insurance plan states that you need one.
What should I bring to my appointment?Open or Close
Please bring any forms that needs to be filled out (you may download the forms under “Patient Resources” in our website), insurance cards, valid government issued identification cards, list of present medications and any records needed for your appointment.
What can I do to maintain good urologic health?Open or Close
The best way to avoid urological problems is to maintain good overall health habits such as exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding substances that will remove water from the body (like tobacco, excessive alcohol, and caffeine). AUS is an advocate for Men’s Health. To know more about AUS’Men’s Health programs, pleasecontact your AUS physician for more information.
What do I wear?Open or Close
Wear loose, comfortable clothing with no metal. Gowns will be provided for you if necessary.
Can I eat?Open or Close
If your Doctor wants the CT scan no contrast, you can eat and drink before the test. If your Doctor wants the scan with contrast, do not eat 3 hours before your scheduled time, and do not drink 1 hour before your test.
What is a CT scan?Open or Close
It's a special kind of X-Ray that takes cross - sectional pictures of the body. ACT scan can show details that a regular x-ray cannot.
Do CT scans hurt?Open or Close
No, however some people may feel anxious about the test. Our Diagnostic specialists are there to make sure that you will be at ease when you come in for this procedure.
What happens during a CT s can?Open or Close
Your Technologist will help position you on a special table. If needed, a contrast medium will be given. You may experience flushing or a metallic taste in your mouth.
Let your Technologist know right away if you experience anything else during the exam. You may hear a shirring sound. Try to relax and hold still.
How long does the CT scan take?Open or Close
Depending on what type of CT Scan from just a few minutes to 30 minutes.
What does a CT scan show?Open or Close
CT scans show bone, soft tissue, fat, fluid, and air. A scan can determine if a growth is solid or fluid filled, and if an organ size and shape are normal.
What is Prostate Cancer Gene Profile Analysis?Open or Close
In recent years, cancer treatment has transformed from a one shot treats all approach, to patient specific treatment. We are at the forefront of that trend. Over the past several years, we have incorporated the analysis of genes known to promote the growth of prostate cancer into our treatment protocols. We continue to expand the use of such tests as they become available. Patients can now be better informed and have greater understanding as to why certain treatments are offered. Often, such treatment will differ from a patient’s expectation and from others with a similar diagnosis.
What treatment(s) are available for bone metastases?Open or Close
Cancer patients whose disease has spread to bones often have severe pain that causes a significant decline in their quality of life. Unfortunately, the appearance of bone metastases also heralds a path of limited life expectancy. These patients are often treated with strong pain medication, such as morphine, which is an effective pain reliever, but can be associated with troublesome side effects. The pain from bone metastases may also be treated with focal external beam radiation therapy directed to one or two sites. However, when there are multiple bones involved, radiation in the form of a radioactive venous injection is often prescribed. In the past, such treatment, while effective, was limited in the frequency of use, because of damage to healthy blood cells. Thus, not only could they not be administered with much frequency, but the low blood counts placed the patient at risk of infection, anemia, and bleeding. Other cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy, could not be given to such patients, because of these agents own toxicity to blood cells.
In the past year, a new injectable radioactive treatment for bone metastases (Ra-223/Xofigo) was given FDA approval. Xofigo is administered every four weeks for six total doses. The radiation exposure to surrounding tissue, including blood cells, is more limited than previous such treatment. Xofigo is a safer treatment than previously existed. Each dose is administered in the Cancer Center, and the patient is sent home with minimum risk to other people. Not only does treatment with Xofigo reduce pain, but it has been shown through studies to prolong life.
What is IMRT (Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT))Open or Close
IGRT is a refinement of the advanced radiation therapy technique known as Intensity Modulated Radiation therapy or IMRT. This is a sophisticated manner of “painting” doses of radiation around critical body structures so that maximum dose is delivered to the organ of interest and minimal dose is received by sensitive nearby organs or tissue. This is particularly important in the treatment of prostate cancer, which requires the use of a high dose of radiation to obtain cure. The prostate is surrounded by critical structures; the bladder attached to the upper most part of the prostate and the rectum that hugs the back edge. IGRT provides the most safe and effective method available for treatment of this disease.
What are the benefits of Palliative External Beam Radiation Therapy?Open or Close
When cancer spreads from a primary site to other organs, including bones, it is said to have metastasized. Such involvement of these other areas can often cause pain or interfere with function. A relatively short ourse of external beam radiation therapy, ten to fifteen treatments, can often result in significant relief of pain and improvement of function.
How long does it take to get my biopsy results?Open or Close
Biopsy reports are typically complete and in your Electronic Medical Record within 7 business days. Your physician will schedule a follow - up appointment to discuss your results.
How do I get a second opinion on my biopsy results?Open or Close
Requests for a second opinion may be requested through your physician or by calling the laboratory. If your specimen was sent to Associated Urological Specialists Lab, phone: 708-532-9922.
AUS Lab will ship materials to the physician/institution (e.g. Mayo Clinic, University of Chicago, Northwestern University) of your choice.