Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

  • Symptoms – Strong urge to urinate, painful urination, blood in urine, pelvic pain (women) or rectal pain (men).
  • DX – Usually from a urine sample, other tests may be needed.
  • TX –Usually antibiotics.


Urinary Incontinence

  • Symptoms – Leaking urine; may get worse.
  • DX – Tests to measure bladder capacity, bladder pressure and sphincter strength.
  • TX – Depends on the degree of incontinence.Behavioral/muscle training, medication, minimal intervention/devices, surgery.
  • WOMEN – Sling; pelvic floor reconstruction.
  • MEN – Artificial urinary sphincter; surgical BPH intervention; urethral bulking.


Hematuria (blood in urine)

  • Symptoms – Pink or red color in urine.
  • DX – Check for infection, kidney problem/injury, prostate enlargement in men, other sources of irritation.
  • TX – Depends on the source of the problem.